GRAMMAR: CAN – HOW TO PRESENT AND PRACTISE IT WITH YL

/ A1, Grammar training, Pre-A1, Young Learners

BULLETPOINTS:

Level: A1 (Movers);
Age: 7-10;
Group size: any;
Aim:
– to present and structure different forms of can (positive, negative, question form and short answers);
– to enable students to actively use the target language;
Skill: speaking;
Grammar: can;
Vocabulary: animals and actions (or any other A1 vocabulary field);
Length: 30 min+;
Preparation time: 10 min;
Material: presentation and downloadable flashcard (external link).

YL encounter different forms of the modal verb can quite early, however, at one point they need to see it in an organized way. You can use this presentation to elicit, revise and teach the positive, negative, question and short answer forms of the verb:

PROCEDURE:

After the PRESENTATION, you will need some flashcards and continue playing the game (every student tries to identify what they are, the others can only answer YES or NO).

You can use animal flashcards or any other lexical category to revise vocabulary.

You can find high-quality, ready-to print flashcard here: MES-ENGLISH.

This game, though, practises only the first and second person singular. In order to activate the other forms, you can:
– Put students in pairs and use the WE and YOU (plural) forms: Can we fly? – No, you can’t.
– Pick one card without showing it to the students and ask students to ask questions with IT: Can it swim? – Yes, it can.
– Choose two students, one picks a card and shows only to the other student. The rest of the class don’t not see the card and asks the ‘speaker’ about the silent student with the card using HE and SHE: Can he run fast? – No, he can’t.
– Choose two students and give them a card and choose a third student, who can also see the card and is going to be the ‘speaker’. The rest of the class don’t know what card the two students have and ask the ‘speaker’ using THEY: Can they hop? – Yes, they can.
– Try it also with superheroes and their abilities, e.g. Spider-Man: Can he fly? – No, he can’t; Can he shoot spiderweb? – Yes, he can.

You can repeat this game when revising previous topics (animals, jobs, etc.)

You might also like to read:

Grammar: to be – How to present and practise it with YL
Grammar: have got – How to present and practise it with YL
Grammar: auxiliary do – How to present and practise it with YL

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